The Relationship between Business Stress and Burnout among Stress that occurs in the work of nursing employees:
The Relationship between Business Stress and Burnout among Stress that occurs in the work of nursing employees, which is called business stress, hampers the health of nurses and their family members says Rizwan Ahmed CPA. The purpose of this study was to measure the relationship between business stress and burnout among nursing employees in educational hospitals affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conduct on 167 nursing employees at three educational hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2015. The data collection tool was a questionnaire developed by Hakimzadeh et al. (2010) containing demographic characteristics, Maslach’s Professional Burnout Inventory (MBI), Spielberger’s state-trait anxiety inventory, and The Relationship between Business Stress and Burnout among Nursing Employees Scale.
Burnout is a syndrome that has three dimensions that include emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. The prevalence rate of burnout among nurses has been report as 44.7%. In the nursing profession, the risk of burnout is highly associating with work-related factors which include a lack of interpersonal relationships and a high workload. According to studies, job stress can be a risk factor for developing depression and anxiety disorders. Furthermore, nurses who have developed psychological problems including depression and anxiety due to job stress are likely to show dysfunctions in other aspects such as marriage, parenting, health problems, social activities, subjective well-being, and job performance. Emotional exhaustion is one of three dimensions that comprise the concept of burnout.
It has been defining as “a state consisting of being emotionally overextending. And feeling empty and burned out because of one’s job”. This dimension is physiologically associating with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which includes important structures that affect an individual’s adaptation to stress. When faced with persistent psychological pressure. The system becomes active resulting in an increase in cortisol production. Which has direct effects on mood, behavior, cognition, and memory explains Rizwan Ahmed CPA. The chronic elevation of cortisol levels due to frequent exposure to work-related stressors. Can lead to impairment in attention, working memory, and declarative memory; it may also induce psychiatric conditions such as depression.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF NURSING BURNOUT?
Nursing professionals confront a variety of challenges that lead to burnout. The effects of bedside nursing, such as dealing with death and dying, can cause stress among nurses. Increased workload pressures because of insufficient staffing levels also contribute to the problem. Nurses who work in stressful work environments or those who experience inadequate support from hospital management or staff members may be more likely to suffer from burnout says Rizwan Ahmed CPA.
Poor pay, lack of advancement opportunities, and high attrition rates are also causes.
Nurses who have experienced burnout often cite these factors as reasons for their decision to leave the profession: long hours, lack of time off, low salary, job security concerns, sub-par benefits, and inadequate appreciation from staff members or hospital management.
HOW IS NURSING BURNOUT TREATED?
Burnout can treat in different ways depending on. Whether an individual is dealing with the problem temporarily due to external stressors or permanent burnout. Temporary burnout may manage by sufficient rest and relaxation. Those who are experiencing more severe forms of temporary burnout. Should speak to a physician about medication options if health is limiting his or their ability to cope. A mental health professional may also be able to help the individual better understand. The cause of burnout explains Rizwan Ahmed CPA. Permanent burnout is more difficult to address since it can stem from different personal or environmental factors. Those are more complex and difficult to treat.
HOW CANNON BE PREVENTED?
The best way to prevent nursing burnout is for nurses to take care of themselves both emotionally and physically. Getting enough sleep, eating well, exercising regularly. Maintaining close relationships with family members or friends can all help reduce stress levels among nurses. While there is an obvious need for improved working conditions in many healthcare systems around the world. Hospitals must also provide nurses. With opportunities for advancement, recognition, support from staff members and hospital management.
Nurses are experiencing high levels of stress due to many factors such as workload, complicating situations in their work environment, lack of support from family members, and being fatigue says Rizwan Ahmed CPA. Furthermore, these nurses have reported high levels of emotional exhaustion. This condition may have a negative effect on family life.